Kicho (or Gichu) forms are traditional taekwondo poomsae or patterns of defensive and offensive techniques.
Kicho forms were developed from martial arts handed down by ancient Korea’s military, but modified to fit the modern competitive taekwondo arena. The terminology for these sequences of movements was first standardized in 1959 with the introduction of the first taekwondo federation.
Typically, these basic Taekwondo forms are performed in a slow, precise manner that shows mastery of the basics of taekwondo. The movements in these poomsae are said to reflect a battle between two opponents, and the performance must show fluidity as well as proper form. Because of this, Kicho forms can be used to evaluate a student’s overall understandings off the martial artist’s strength and control. As such, they can be used to demonstrate skill at various levels of competition. In addition to being aesthetically pleasing and technically demanding, these forms help practitioners to perfect their technique and practice good stances, kicks and punches.
Kicho forms also provide a way for taekwondo practitioners to gain a better understanding of the history and culture behind their martial art. The names of many forms are derived from ancient Korean words, like Koyangi (which means “harmony”) or Sipjin (which means “eternity”). In this way, taekwondo practitioners can gain insight into the philosophy behind their martial art through their practice of Kicho forms.
Kicho forms are a unique and important part of learning and practicing Taekwondo. Through them, practitioners build strength and control as well as gain a deeper connection to the history and culture of their martial art. Whether you are just starting out or a seasoned practitioner, Kicho forms can be used to improve your technique and develop a greater appreciation for taekwondo.